The idea of net neutrality has been derived from the way telephone lines have worked since the 20th century. That is, telephone line users can easily dial numbers and get connected to them. The operators are not concerned whether the callers are calling a drug dealer or a restaurant.
The operators do not block the access to different numbers nor do they delay connections to certain numbers deliberately. This happens when the law forces them. Majority of the countries work on rules stating that the telecom operators need to offer an unrestricted and unfiltered phone service.
Net Neutrality: Through the World’s Eye…
The internet started taking the world by storm during the 1980s and 1990. During this time, there were absolutely no rules and regulations guiding the ISPs or Internet Service Providers. But mainly due to the fact that the telecom operators also served as ISPs, they worked by the same concept.
This concept is called Net Neutrality. By way of this concept, the Internet Service Providers do not have any control of the traffic passing through their servers. This means that when the online users connect to a certain web service or a website, they get the same speed.
The online users are free to access all legal web services and websites without any kind of disturbance from the ISPs. Therefore, the data rate for Facebook images and YouTube videos is theoretically the same.
There are many countries that have rules enforcing net neutrality but there are still some countries that do not have such rules. Many countries follow Net Neutrality and, that too, without any rules and regulation, perhaps.
This is because that is how the system has always been. Net neutrality is more of a norm than a law in these countries.
What if you say ‘No’ to the Slowdown?
If net neutrality is non-existent, the ISPs shall have the inclination and the power of shaping internet traffic the way they want. They will always look forward to shaping the traffic on their servers in such a way that it brings more profit to them.
In the absence of net neutrality, it would be difficult to imagine the internet as it is available today. This means that people would have to go for package plans in place of using free internet. People would have to pay extra money for accessing the international websites.
It might also be possible to have varied connection speeds for different content varieties. In addition, this would result in the evolution of add-on packages for using the internet.
Now, Internet Has a Slow Lane!
If net neutrality is not the reality, the ISPs will get into the practice of charging the web companies for enabling faster access to their respective websites. This means that the companies not paying for faster access will have their websites opening slowly.
This might spell doom for creativity and innovation online. The taxation system would be prevalent on the internet where users will have to lose their pennies for accessing the sites or the services they want.